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Year Article Journal Authors Citation Index
2013 Quality improvement of interdisciplinary rounds by leadership training based on essential quality indicators of the Interdisciplinary Rounds Assessment Scale Ten Have EC, Nap RE, Tulleken JE Intensive care medicine
2015 Driven to distraction: a prospective controlled study of a simulated ward round experience to improve patient safety teaching for medical students. Thomas I. Nicol L. Regan L. Cleland J. Maliepaard D. Clark L. Walker K. Duncan J. 24:154-161
2016 Clinically relevant correlates of accurate perception of patients’ thoughts and feelings Health communication Hall JA. Ship AN. Ruben MA. Et al. 30(5), 423-429
2016 Simulated patients versus seminars to train case history and feedback skills in audiology students: A randomized controlled trial., International Journal of Audiology Hughes, J., Wilson, W. J., MacBean, N., & Hill, A. E. 55(12), 758-764.
2015 Correlations between Medical Students’ Self Assessment of Communication Skills and Patient-Physician Interaction Assessed by Standardized Patients in Clinical Performance Examination International Journal of Bio-Science and Bio-Technology Oh S. Kim WJ. Kim MY. 7(3):1-8
2014 Using simulation education with deliberate practice to teach leadership and resource management skills to senior resident code leaders Journal of graduate medical education Burden AR, Pukenas EW, Deal ER, Coursin DB, Dodson GM, Staman GW, Gratz I, Torjman MC. 6(3), 463-469.
2016 Using standardized patient encounters to teach longitudinal continuity of  care in a family medicine clerkship.   BMC Medical Education Vest BM.  Lynch A.  McGuigan D.  Et al 16(1):208
2016 Professionalism Training For Surgical Residents: Documenting the Advantages of a Professionalism Curriculum  Annals of Surgery. Hochberg MS.  Berman RS.  Kalet AL.  Zabar S.  Gillespie C.  Pachter HL. 264(3):501-7
2015 Counselling practices in community pharmacies in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study  BMC Health Services Research Alaqeel S.  Abanmy NO. 15:557
2016  Breaking Bad News in obstetrics: a randomized trial of simulation followed by debriefing or lecture  Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. Karkowsky CE.  Landsberger EJ.  Bernstein PS.  Et al 29(22):3717-23
1976 The feasibility of using the simulated patient as a means to evaluate clinical competence of practicing physicians in a community ( a pilot project) (15th Annual Conf on Research in Med Educ, SF Cal) Burri A. McCaughan K. Barrows H. 295-299
1994 Setting performance standards for licensing examinations: Standardized patients and the professional perspective (1994 Ottawa Conference) LaDuca A.
1994 Setting minimal standards in the Quebec Licensing Examination (6th Ottawa Conference) Lescop J. Grand'Maison P. Brailovsky CA.
2006 Development and testing of the McCurry synergistic process model of nursing intuitive clinical decision-making using the relaxation response. [THESIS] (Boston College) McCurry MK
2008 Examining the relationship between participation in simulation and the levels of self-efficacy reported by nursing students [dissertation] (Case Western Reserve Univ) Leigh GT.
2006 Clinical practice guideline-related knowledge representation models and comprehension-generated inferences of nurse practitioners and physicians at varying levels of expertise. [THESIS] (Columbia University) Roberts WD
1992 Not the real thing: The standardized patient (Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine) Curtis M. 1-59
1987 A measurement framework for performance-based tests (International Conference Proceedings, Ottawa Canada) Swanson DB
1987 What do second year students ask in the sexual history? Observations from an objective structured clinical examination. (Proceedings of the --- Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education) Diemer M. Cooper GS. Harvey J. Noel GL (Vol. 26, pp. 217-221).
1988 Graduates of foreign medical schools: demographic and personal predictors of success on an OSCE-format internship programme entrance examination. (Proceedings of the --- Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education) Jolly BC. Cohen R. Rothman AI. Ross J
1984 Symposium: Use of the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to assess clinical competence. (Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education) Woodward CA. Powles P. Cadman D. Curry L. Hart IR 23:407-12
1985 Utilization of the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) in gynecology/obstetrics. (Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education) Grand'Maison P. Blouin D. Briere D Vol. 24, pp. 65-70).
1983 Symposium: Simulated patients in evaluation of medical education and practice. (Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education) Woodward CA. Neufeld VR. Norman GR. Stillman PL.
1984 Symposium: Technical considerations and establishing standards for scoring clinical performance in simulated clinical encounters.. (Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education) Vu NV. Neufeld VR. Andrew BJ. Norcinic J. Stillman PL
1999 Integrating case based and rule based reasoning in a decision support system: evaluation with simulated patients. (Proceedings/AMIA Annual Symposium) Montani S. Bellazzi R. pg 887
2006 Continuing competence in nursing: a study of issues and perceptions. [THESIS] (University of Toronto, Canada) Sirotnik M
2013 Utilizing high-fidelity crucial conversation simulation in genetic counseling training . American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A, Holt RL, Tofil NM, Hurst C, Youngblood AQ, Peterson DT, Zinkan JL, White ML, Clemons JL, Robin NH. 161(6), 1273-1277.
2014 Objective Structured Clinical Examination as an educational initiative for summative simulation competency evaluation of first-year student registered nurse anesthetists' clinical skills AANA Journal (AANA J) Wunder LL. Glymph DC. Newman J. Gonzalez V. Gonzalez JE. Groom JA. 82(6):419-25
2014 Standardized patients facilitate learning ACA News Burkhart LA. 10 (8): 30-1
1996 Reliability of performance-based clinical skills assessment of emergency medicine residents. Academic Emergency Medicine Burdick WP. Ben-David MF. et al 3(12):1119-23
2006 Summative assessment in medicine: The promise of simulation for high-stakes evaluation Academic Emergency Medicine Boulet JR. 15:1017-1024
2005 Development and implementation of an emergency practitioner-performed brief intervention for hazardous and harmful drinkers in the emergency department. Academic Emergency Medicine D'Onofrio G. Pantalon MV. Degutis LC. Fiellin DA and O'Connor PG 12(3):249-56
2002 Assessment of communication and interpersonal skills competencies. Academic Emergency Medicine Hobgood CD. Riviello RJ. Jouriles N. Hamilton G. 9(11):1257-69
2014 Programmatic assessment of level 1 milestones in incoming interns Academic Emergency Medicine Hauff SR. Hopson LR. Losman E. Perry MA. Lypson ML. Fischer J. Santen SA. 21(6):694-8
2008 Comparison of High-fidelity Simulators versus Trained Actors Academic emergency medicine Gillett B, Peckler B, Sinert R, Onkst C, Nabors S, Issley S, Maguire C, Galwankarm S, Arquilla B. 15(11), 1144-1151.
2005 Evaluation of student performance: clinical and professional performance. Academic Emergency Medicine Farrell SE 12(4):302e6-10
2016 Development of an Emergency Medicine Simulation Fellowship Consensus Curriculum: Initiative of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Simulation Academy Academic Emergency Medicine Frallicciardi A. Vora S. Bentley S. et al. 23(9), 1054-1060.
2002 Clinical assessment in emergency medicine. Academic Emergency Medicine Jouriles N. Burdick W. Hobgood C 9(11): 1289-1294
1999 Interobserver variability among faculty in evaluations of residents' clinical skills. Academic Emergency Medicine LaMantia J. Rennie W. Risucci DA. Cydulka R. Spillane L. et al 6 (1): 38–44
2002 Human simulation in emergency medicine training: a model curriculum Academic Emergency Medicine McLaughlin SA. Doezema D. Sklar DP 9(11):1310-8
2009 Can unannounced standardized patients assess professionalism and communication skills in the emergency department? Academic Emergency Medicine Zabar S. Ark T. Gillespie C. 16(9):915-8
2008 Debriefing as formative assessment: Closing performance gaps in medical education Academic Emergency Medicine Rudolph JW. Simon R. Raemer DB. Etal 15(11):1010-1016
2007 A Randomized Comparison Trial of Case-based Learning versus Human Patient Simulation in Medical Student Education Academic Emergency Medicine Schwartz. L. R.. Fernandez. R.. Kouyoumjian. S. R.. Jones. K. A.. & Compton. S 14(2), 130-137.
2003 Emergency Medicine Crisis Resource Management (EMCRM): Pilot Study of a Simulation-based Crisis Management Course for Emergency Medicine. Academic Emergency Medicine Reznek M. Smith-Coggins R. Howard S. Kiran K. Harter P. et al 10(4):386-9
2002 The use of standardized patients within a procedural competency model to teach death disclosure. Academic Emergency Medicine Quest TE. Otsuki JA. Banja J. Ratcliff JJ. Heron SL. Kaslow NJ 9(11):1326-33
2016 “I broke my ankle”: Access to orthopedic follow-up care by insurance status. Academic Emergency Medicine. Medford-Davis LN. Lin F. Greenstein A. Rhodes KV. 24:98-105
1991 Behavior-change strategies used by a sample of physicians for patients at risk of coronary problems. Academic Medicine McNabb WL. Cole BJ. Das Gupta DS. Cook S 66(12)780
1998 Student assessment. Academic Medicine Mennin SP. Kalishman S 73(9):S46-S54
2005 Using factor analysis to evaluate checklist items. Academic Medicine McKinley DW. Boulet JR 80(10):S102-S105
2006 Effects of case characteristics on encounter time in a high-stakes standardized patient examination Academic Medicine McKinley DW. Boulet JR. Swanson DB. et al 81(1):S61-S64
2000 The impact of an alternative approach to computing station cut scores in an OSCE. Academic Medicine McIlroy JH 75(10):S18-S20
2002 The effect of candidates' perceptions of the evaluation method on reliability of checklist and global rating scores in an objective structured clinical examination. Academic Medicine McIlroy JH. Hodges B. McNaughton N. Regehr G 77(7):725-8
2007 Cultural competence teaching in U.S. pediatric clerkships in 2006. Academic Medicine Mihalic AP. Dobbie AE. Kinkade S 82(6):558-62
2014 Assessing third-year medical students' ability to address a patient's spiritual distress using an OSCE case. Academic Medicine McEvoy M. Schlair S. Sidlo Z. Burton W. Milan F. 89(1):66-70
1996 The emperor's new clothes: the OSCE reassessed [see comments]. Academic Medicine Mavis BE. Henry RC. Ogle KS. Hoppe RB 71(5):
1994 Early Clinical Skills Training Academic Medicine Marcus E. White R. Rubin RH. 69(5):415
2003 Analysis of the relationship between score components on a standardized patient clinical skills examination. Academic Medicine Margolis MJ. Clauser BE. Swanson DB. Boulet JR 78(10 Suppl):S68-71
1998 Setting examination-level standards for a performance-based assessment of physicians' clinical skills. Academic Medicine Margolis MJ. De Champlain AF. Klass DJ. 73(10):S114-S116
2003 Analysis of the relationship between score components on a standardized patient clinical skills examination Academic Medicine Margolis MJ. Swanson DB. Clauser BE. Boulet JR. 78(10):S68-71
2000 The path of professionalism: Cultivating humanistic values and attitudes in residency training Academic Medicine Markakis. K. M.. Beckman. H. B.. Suchman. A. L.. & Frankel. R. M 75(2), 141-149
1996 Who should rate candidates in an objective structured clinical examination? Academic Medicine Martin JA. Reznick RK. Rothman A. Tamblyn RM. Regehr G. 71(2):170-175
2002 The impact of a brief interclerkship about substance abuse on medical students' skills. Academic Medicine Matthews J. Kadish W. Barrett SV. Mazor K. Field D. Jonassen J 77(5):419-426
2002 Talking Medicine: A Course in Medical Humanism—What Do Third-year Medical Students Think?. Academic Medicine LYPSON. M. L.. & HAUSER. J. M 77(11), 1169-1170.
2004 Assessing residents' competencies at baseline: identifying the gaps. Academic Medicine Lypson. ML. Frohna. JG. Gruppen. LD. Woolliscroft. JO 79(6):564-570
1999 Using tagged items to detect threats to security in a nationally administered standardized patient examination. Academic Medicine Macmillan MK. De Champlain AF. Klass DJ 74(10):S55-S57
2000 Assessing post-encounter note documentation by examinees in a field test of a nationally administered standardized patient test. Academic Medicine Macmillan MK. Fletcher EA. Champlain AF. Klass DJ 75(10):S112-S114
1995 Comparing checklists and databases with physicians' ratings as measures of students' history and physical-examination skills. Academic Medicine MacRae HM. Vu NV. Graham B. Word-Sims M. Colliver JA. Robbs RS 70(4):313-317
2006 Commentary: communication skills: how simulation training supplements experiential and humanist learning. Academic Medicine Makoul G. 81(3):271-4
2002 Early assessment of medical students' clinical skills. Academic Medicine Makoul G. Altman M 77(11):1156-1158
1998 Familiar SPs May Affect Students' Performances on SP Exams. Academic Medicine Manetta A. Lewis EM. Ahearn S 73(2):117118
2005 Personality and clinical skills: any correlation? Academic Medicine Manuel RS. Borges NJ and Gerzina HA 80(10):S30-S33
1997 Using an OSCE to assess the ability of residents to manage problems in women's health. Academic Medicine Kwolek DS. Witzke DB. Blue AV. Schwartz RW. Sloan DA 72(10 Suppl 1):S48-50
2009 Commentary: Assessment is an educational tool. Academic Medicine Krupat E. Dienstag JL. 84(5):548-50
2011 Can students' scores on preclerkship clinical performance examinations predict that they will fail a senior clinical performance examination? Academic Medicine Klamen DL. Borgia PT. 86(4):516-20
1997 The effect of medical education on students' patient-satisfaction ratings Academic Medicine Klamen DL. Williams RG. 72(1):57-61
1996 Pelvic examination instruction and experience: a comparison of laywoman-trained and physician-trained students. Academic Medicine Kleinman DE. Hage ML. Hoole AJ. Kowlowitz V 71(11):1239-1242
2006 The human face of simulation: Patient-focused simulation training Academic Medicine Kneebone R. Nestel D. Wetzel C. et al 81(10):919-924
2010 What drives faculty ratings of residents' clinical skills? The impact of faculty's own clinical skills. Academic Medicine Kogan JR. Hess BJ. Conforti LN. Holmboe ES. 85(10 Suppl):S25-8
1992 Assessing practicing physicians in two settings using standardized patients Academic Medicine Kopelow ML. Schnabl GK. Hassard TH. et al 67(10):S19-S21
1992 Assessing practicing physicians in two settings using standardized patients. Academic Medicine Kopelow ML. Schnabl GK. Hassard TH. Tamblyn RM. Klass DJ et al 67(10)S19
1991 Implementing the objective structured clinical examination in a traditional medical school. Academic Medicine Kowlowitz V. Hoole AJ. Sloane PD 66(6):345-347
2001 Conveying emotional realism: a challenge to using standardized patients. Academic Medicine Krahn LE. Sutor B. Bostwick JM 76(3):216-217
1999 Using telemedicine and standardized patients to evaluate off-campus students' skills. Academic Medicine Lentz LM. Fincher RM 74(5):598-599
1994 Using "Standardized Students" to Teach a Learner-centered Approach to Ambulatory Precepting. Academic Medicine Lesky LG. Wilkerson L 69(12):955-957
1999 Performance of third-year primary-care-track students in an integrated curriculum at Case Western Reserve University. Academic Medicine Lewin LO. Papp KK. Hodder SL. Workings MG. Wolfe L. Glover P. Headrick LA 74(1):S82-S89
2009 Temporary tattoos to simulate skin disease: report and validation of a novel teaching tool. Academic Medicine Langley RG. Tyler SA. Ornstein AE.et al 84(7):950-3
2012 Impact of increased authenticity in instructional format on preclerkship students' performance: a two-year, prospective, randomized study. Academic Medicine LaRochelle JS. Durning SJ. Pangaro LN. et al . 87(10):1341-7
1999 Teaching a screening musculoskeletal examination: a randomized, controlled trial of different instructional methods. Academic Medicine Lawry GV. Schuldt SS. Kreiter CD. Densen P. Albanese MA 74(2):199-201
2014 Using a teaching OSCE to prompt learners to engage with patients who talk about religion and/or spirituality Academic Medicine Ledford CJ. Seehusen DA. Canzona MR. Cafferty LA. 89(1):60-5
1996 Reassessing the OSCE [letter. comment]. Academic Medicine Li JT 71(11):11371138
2009 Assessing medical students' skills in working with interpreters during patient encounters: a validation study of the Interpreter Scale. Academic Medicine Lie D. Bereknyei S. Braddock CH 3rd. et al 84(5):643-50
2012 The simulated patient's view on teaching: results from a think aloud study. Academic Medicine Lingemann K. Campbell T. Lingemann C et al 87(2):179-84
1990 Order Effects in Standardized Patient Examinations Academic Medicine Lloyd JS. Williams RG. Simonton DK. Sherman D. 65(9):S51-S52
1996 Standardized patients as a measure of change in the ability of family physicians to detect and manage alcohol abuse. Academic Medicine Lockyer J. El Guebaly N. Simpson E. Gromoff B 71(1):S1-S3
2011 Teaching medical students about disability: the use of standardized patients. [Review] Academic Medicine Long-Bellil LM. Robey KL. Graham CL. et al 86(9):1163-70
1996 Relationships between students' clinical experiences in introductory clinical courses and their performances on an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Academic Medicine Jolly BC. Jones A. Dacre JE. Elzubeir M. Kopelman P. Hitman G 71(8):909-915
1999 The effect of a domestic violence interclerkship on the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of third-year medical students. Academic Medicine Jonassen JA. Pugnaire MP. Mazor K. Regan MB. Jacobson EW. et al 74(7):821-828
1992 Teaching the process of obtaining informed consent to medical students. Academic Medicine Johnson SM. Kurtz ME. Tomlinson T. Fleck L 67(9)598
1996 Possible effects of reusing OSCE stations [letter. comment]. Academic Medicine Jolly B. Cohen R. Newble D. Rothman A 71(10):1023
2002 An unfolding case with a linked OSCE: a curriculum in inpatient geriatric medicine. Academic Medicine Karani R. Callahan EH. Thomas DC 77(9)938
1998 Breast cancer screening knowledge and skills of students upon entering and exiting a medical school. Academic Medicine Kann PE. Lane DS 73(8):904-906
2013 Evaluating oral case presentations using a checklist: how do senior student-evaluators compare with faculty?. Academic Medicine Kakar SP. Catalanotti JS. Flory AL et al 88(9):1363-7
2004 Teaching communication in clinical clerkships: models from the may initiative in health communications. Academic Medicine Kalet A. Pugnaire MP. Cole-Kelly K. Janicik R. et al 79(6):511
2002 Incorporating simulators in a standardized patient exam. Academic Medicine Karnath B. Frye AW. Holden MD 77(7)754
1990 On standardized patients and clinical skills assessment [editorial]. Academic Medicine Kassebaum DG 65(5)307
1999 Shortcomings in the evaluation of students' clinical skills and behaviors in medical school. Academic Medicine Kassebaum DG. Eaglen RH 74(7):842-9
1998 Comparing achievement on the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part I of students in conventional and problem-based learning curricula. [see comments.]. Academic Medicine Kaufman DM. Mann KV 73(11):1211-3
2000 A comparison of standard-setting procedures for an OSCE in undergraduate medical education. Academic Medicine Kaufman DM. Mann KV. Muijtjens AM. van der Vleuten CP 75(3):267-71
2002 Medical students, clinical preventive services, and shared decision-making. Academic Medicine Keefe CW. Thompson ME. Noel MM 77(11)1160
2002 Can written communication skills be tested in an objective structured clinical examination format? Academic Medicine Keely E. Myers K. Dojeiji S 77(1):82-6
2012 The clinical conscientiousness index: a valid tool for exploring professionalism in the clinical undergraduate setting. Academic Medicine Kelly M. O'Flynn S. McLachlan J. Sawdon MA. 87(9):1218-24
2004 Exploring the gap between knowledge and behavior: a qualitative study of clinician action following an educational intervention. Academic Medicine Kennedy T. Regehr G. Rosenfield J. Roberts SW. Lingard L 79(5):386-393
2004 Assessing the teaching behaviors of ambulatory care preceptors. Academic Medicine Kernan WN. Holmboe E. O'Connor PG 79(11),1088-1094
2012 Validity evidence for a new checklist evaluating consultations, The 5Cs Model Academic Medicine Kessler CS. Kalapurayil PS. Yudkowsky R. Schwartz A 87(10):1408-1412
2014 Does emotional intelligence at medical school admission predict future academic performance Academic Medicine Humphrey-Murto S. Leddy JJ. Wood TJ. Puddester D. Moineau G. 89(4):638-43
1995 Validity of three clinical performance assessments of internal medicine clerks. Academic Medicine Hull AL. Hodder S. Berger B. Ginsberg D. Lindheim N. Quan J. Kleinhenz ME 70(6)517
2013 Enhancement of the assessment of physician-patient communication skills in the United States medical licensing examination. Academic Medicine Hoppe RB. King AM. Mazor KM et al 88(11):1670-5
2002 Standard setting: a comparison of case-author and modified borderline-group methods in a small-scale OSCE. Academic Medicine Humphrey-Murto S. MacFadyen JC 77(7), 729-732.
2005 A comparison of physician examiners and trained assessors in a high-stakes OSCE setting. Academic Medicine Humphrey-Murto S. Smee S. Touchie C. Wood TJ. Blackmore DE 80(10 Suppl):S59-62
2013 Measuring Medical Student Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding Patients who are Obese Academic Medicine Ip EH. Marshall S. Vitolins M et al 88(2):282-289
1997 Using standardized patient instructors to teach students about the needs of patients with disabilities. Academic Medicine Jacobson EW. Gammon W 72(5):442
1995 Anatomy of the Clinical Simulation. Academic Medicine Friedman CP 70(3):205209
1991 Rethinking critical issues in performance assessment. Academic Medicine Friedman M. Mennin SP 66(7):390-395
1991 The use of standardized patients to evaluate the spoken-English proficiency of foreign medical graduates. Academic Medicine Friedman M. Sutnick AI. Stillman PL. Norcini JJ. Anderson SM. et al 66(9):S61-S63
1993 The relationship of spoken-English proficiencies of foreign medical school graduates to their clinical competence. Academic Medicine Friedman. M. Sutnick. A I. Stillman. P L. Regan. M B. Norcini. J J 68(10):S1-3
2007 Demystifying "learning" in clinical rotations: do immersive patient encounters predict achievement on the clinical performance examination (CPX)?. Academic Medicine Fung CC. Relan A. Wilkerson L 82(10 Suppl):S97-S100
1993 Effects of student gender and standardized-patient gender in a single case using a male and a female standardized patient. Academic Medicine Furman G. Colliver JA. Galofre A 68(4):301-303
1977 Empathy in the doctor-patient relationship: skill training for medical students Academic Medicine Fine. V. K.. & Therrien. M. E. 52(9), 752-7.
2000 The influence of task formats on the accuracy of medical students' self-assessments. Academic Medicine Fitzgerald JT. Gruppen LD. White CB 75(7):737-741
2002 A computer-based OSCE station to measure competence in evidence-based medicine skills in medical students. Academic Medicine Fliegel J.E. Frohna J.G. Mangrulkar R.S 77(11):1157-8
2001 Assessing sources of score variability in a multisite medical performance assessment: an application of hierarchical linear modeling. Academic Medicine Floreck LM. Champlain AF 9510:S93-S95
1998 Using Standardized Medical Students to Improve Junior Faculty Teaching. Academic Medicine Gelula MH 73(5):611-2
1996 Global Rating Scales in Residency Education Academic Medicine Gray JD 71(1):S55-S63
2013 Preparing MD-PhD students for clinical rotations: navigating the interface between PhD and MD training. Academic Medicine Goldberg C. Insel PA. 88(6):745-7
1990 Using simulated patients to train physicians in sexual risk assessment and risk reduction. Academic Medicine Gonzalez-Willis A. Rafi I. Boekeloo B. Bowman M. Sardeson K. et al 65(9):S7-S8
2000 Developing case-specific checklists for standardized-patient-based assessments in internal medicine: A review of the literature. Academic Medicine Gorter S. Rethans JJ. Scherpbier A. Heijde D. Houben H. Vleuten C. Linden SV 75(11):1130-7
2006 Impact of the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills Exam on Medical School Clinical Skills Assessment Academic Medicine Hauer KE. Teherani A. Kerr KM. O'sullivan PS. Irby DM 81(10 Suppl):S13-6
2007 Student performance problems in medical school clinical skills assessments. Academic Medicine Hauer KE. Teherani A. Kerr KM. O'Sullivan PS. Irby DM. 82(10 Suppl):S69-72
2007 Assessing the relationship between cardiac physical examination technique and accurate bedside diagnosis during an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Academic Medicine Hatala R. Issenberg SB. Kassen BO. Cole G. Bacchus CM. Scalese RJ 82(10):S26-S29
2005 Incorporating simulation technology in a Canadian internal medicine specialty examination: a descriptive report. Academic Medicine Hatala R. Kassen BO. Nishikawa J. Cole G. Issenberg SB 80(6)554
2009 Consequences within medical schools for students with poor performance on a medical school standardized patient comprehensive assessment. Academic Medicine Hauer KE. Teherani A. Kerr KM. et al 84(5):663-8
2009 Remediation of the deficiencies of physicians across the continuum from medical school to practice: A thematic review of the literature Academic Medicine Hauer KE. Ciccone A. Henzel TR et al 84(12):1822-1832
2005 A national study of medical student clinical skills assessment. Academic Medicine Hauer KE. Hodgson CS. Kerr KM. Teherani A. Irby DM 80(10 Suppl):S25-9
2003 Humanities education at Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania Academic Medicine Hawkins. A. H.. Ballard. J. O.. & Hufford. D. J. 78(10), 1001-1005.
1994 Using a Standardized Patient to Teach Health Appraisal in a Problem Based Format. Academic Medicine Heaton CJ. Watson SV. Alger EA 69(5):415-416
2003 Pelvic examination training for interns: A randomized controlled trial Academic Medicine Herbers JE. Wessel L. El-Bayoumi J. et al 78(11):1164-1169
2012 Educational outcomes of the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge integrated clerkship: a way forward for medical education. Academic Medicine Hirsh D. Gaufberg E. Ogur B et al 87(5):643-50
2004 Faculty and the observation of trainees' clinical skills: problems and opportunities. Academic Medicine Holmboe ES 79(1):16-22
1997 An objective structured clinical examination for evaluating psychiatric clinical clerks. Academic Medicine Hodges B. Regehr G. Hanson M. McNaughton N 72(8):715-21
1998 Validation of an objective structured clinical examination in psychiatry. Academic Medicine Hodges B. Regehr G. Hanson M. McNaughton N 73(8):910
1999 OSCE checklists do not capture increasing levels of expertise. Academic Medicine Hodges B. Regehr G. McNaughton N. Tiberius R. Hanson M 74(10):1129-1134
2004 Use of standardized patients to enhance a psychiatry clerkship. Academic Medicine Hall MJ. Adamo G. McCurry L. Lacy T. Waits W et al 79(1):28-31
2001 Medical students' attitudes toward patient-centered care and standardized patients' perceptions of humanism: a link between attitudes and outcomes. Academic Medicine Haidet P. Dains JE. Paterniti DA. Chang T. Tseng E. Rogers JC 76(10):S42-S44
1998 Comparing Fourth year medical Students with Faculty in the Teaching of Physical Examination Skills to First Year students. Academic Medicine Haist SA. WIlson JF. Brigham NL. Fosson SE. Blue AV 73(2):198--200
2003 Domestic violence: increasing knowledge and improving skills with a four-hour workshop using standardized patients. Academic Medicine Haist SA. Wilson JF. Pursley HG. Jessup ML . Gibson JS et al 78(10):S24-S26
2005 Teaching medical students about medical errors and patient safety: evaluation of a required curriculum. Academic Medicine Halbach JL. Sullivan LL 80(6), 600-606.
1998 An Interdisclinary Clinical Performance Examination for a Third-year Combined Medicine-Surgery Clerkship. Academic Medicine Griffith CH. Haist SA. Blue AV 73(5):597
1995 Do housestaff interview standardized patients differently from real ones? [letter]. Academic Medicine Griffith. III CH. Haist SA. Wilson JF. Rich EC 70(12):1060-1061
1997 Medical students' self-assessment accuracy in communication skills. Academic Medicine Gruppen LD. Garcia J. Grum CM. Fitzgerald JT. White CA. et al 72(10 Suppl 1):S57-9
2002 New medical licensing examination using computer-based case simulations and standardized patients. Academic Medicine Guagnano MT. Merlitti D. Manigrasso MR. Pace-Palitti V. Sensi S 77(1):87-90
2000 Results of remedial continuing medical education in dyscompetent physicians. Academic Medicine Hanna E. Premi J. Turnbull J 75:174-176
2006 Viewpoint: power and communication: why simulation training ought to be complemented by experiential and humanist learning. Academic Medicine Hanna M. Fins JJ. 81(3):265-70
2002 Implications of suicide contagion for the selection of adolescent standardized patients. Academic Medicine Hanson M. Tiberius R. Hodges B. Mackay S. McNaughton N. et al 77(10):S100-S102
2007 Effects associated with adolescent standardized patient simulation of depression and suicidal ideation. Academic Medicine Hanson MD. Niec A. Pietrantonio AM. et al 82(10):S61-S64
2006 Relationships among subcomponents of the USMLE Step 2 Clinical Skills Examination, the Step 1, and the Step 2 Clinical Knowledge Examinations Academic Medicine Harik P. Clauser BE. Grabovsky I. Margolis MJ. Dillon GF. Boulet JR. 81(10 Suppl):S21-4
1990 Feedback in an objective structured clinical examination by medical students serving as patients, examiners, and teachers. Academic Medicine Harris IB. Miller WJ 65(7):433-434
2006 Can participation in a health affairs interdisciplinary case conference improve medical students' knowledge and attitudes? Academic Medicine Harward DH. Tresolini CP. Davis WA 81(3):257-261
1994 Analysis of the costs and benefits of using standardized patients to help teach physical diagnosis. Academic Medicine Hasle JL. Anderson DS. Szerlip HM 69(7):567-570
2001 History-taking behaviors associated with diagnostic competence of clerks: an exploratory study. Academic Medicine Hasnain M. Bordage G. Connell KJ. Sinacore JM. 76(10 Suppl):S14-7
2004 Toward meaningful evaluation of clinical competence: the role of direct observation in clerkship ratings. Academic Medicine Hasnain M. Connell KJ. Downing SM. Olthoff A. Yudkowsky R 79(10) :S21-S24
1997 The ability of first-year medical students to correctly identify and directly respond to patients' observed behaviors. Academic Medicine Doblin H. Klamen DL 72(7):631-4
2000 The effects of examiner background, station organization, and time of exam on OSCE scores assessing undergraduate medical students' physical examination skills. Academic Medicine Doig CJ. Harasym PH. Fick GH. Baumber JS 75(10 Suppl):S96-8
2000 Assessment of residents' interpersonal skills by faculty proctors and standardized patients: a psychometric analysis. Academic Medicine Donnelly MB. Sloan D. Plymale M. Schwartz R. 75(10 Suppl):S93-5
1996 Developing and evaluating the student assessment system in the preclinical problem-based curriculum at Sherbrooke. Academic Medicine Des Marchais JE. Vu NV 71(3):274-83
2010 "But I see old people everywhere": dispelling the myth that eldercare is learned in nongeriatric clerkships. Academic Medicine Diachun L. Van Bussel L. Hansen KT. Charise A. Rieder MJ. 85(7):1221-8
1996 Standard setting in medical education Academic Medicine Cusimano MD. 71(10):s112-s120
1994 A comparative analysis of the costs of administration of an OSCE (objective structured clinical examination). Academic Medicine Cusimano MD. Cohen R. Tucker W. Murnaghan J. Kodama R. Reznick R 69(7):571-6
1998 Defining standards of competent performance on an OSCE. Academic Medicine Cusimano MD. Rothman A. Keystone J 73(10 Suppl):S112-3
2003 The effect of incorporating normative data into a criterion-referenced standard setting in medical education. Academic Medicine Cusimano MD. Rothman AI 78(10):S88-90
2004 Consistency of standards and stability of pass/fail decisions with examinee-based standard-setting methods in a small-scale objective structured clinical examination. Academic Medicine Cusimano MD. Rothman AI 78(10):S25-7
1997 Using Simulated Students to Improve Resident Teaching Academic Medicine Daum S 72(5):454
2001 Using standardized patients as teachers: a concurrent controlled trial. Academic Medicine Davidson R. Duerson M. Rathe R. Pauly R. Watson RT 76(8):840-3
2004 Evaluating evidence-based medicine skills during a performance-based examination. Academic Medicine Davidson RA. Duerson M. Romrell L. Pauly R. Watson RT 79(3):272-5
2000 Further discussion of SP checklists and videotaped performances (letter to the editor). Academic Medicine De Champlain AF 75(4):317-8
1998 Assessing decision consistency with a sequentially administered large-scale standardized patient examination: a Monte Carlo investigation. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Clauser BE. Margolis MJ. Klass DJ. Nungester RJ 73(10 Suppl(:S78-80
1997 Assessing the factor structure of a nationally administered standardized patient examination. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Klass DJ 72(10 Suppl):S88-90
1999 Modeling the effects of security breaches on students' performances on a large-scale standardized patient examination. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Macmillan MK. Margolis MJ. Klass DJ. Nungester RJ. et al 74(10):s49-s51
1999 Assessing the impacts of intra-site and inter-site checklist recording discrepancies on the reliability of scores obtained in a nationally administered standardized patient examination. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Macmillan MK. King AM. Klass DJ. Margolis MJ 74(10 Suppl):S52-4
1998 Do discrepancies in standardized patients' checklist recording affect case and examination mastery-level decisions? Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Macmillan MK. Margolis MJ. King AM. Klass DJ 73(10 Suppl):S75-7
2000 Modeling the effects of a test security breach on a large-scale standardized patient examination with a sample of international medical graduates. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Macmillan MK. Margolis MJ. Klass DJ. Lewis E. Ahearn S 75(10 Suppl):S109-11
1997 Standardized patients' accuracy in recording examinees' behaviors using checklists. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Margolis MJ. King A. Klass DJ 72(10 Suppl):S85-7
2004 Assessing the impact of examinee and standardized patient ethnicity on test scores in a large-scale clinical skills examination: gathering evidence for the consequential aspect of validity. Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Schoeneberger J. Boulet JR 79(10 Suppl):S12-4
2006 Assessing the underlying structure of the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Test of Clinical Skills using confirmatory factor analysis Academic Medicine De Champlain AF. Swygert K. Swanson DB. Boulet JR. 81(10):s17-s20
2003 Training medical students to communicate with a linguistic minority group. Academic Medicine Drouin J. Rivet C 78(6)599
2004 Assessing competence in communication and interpersonal skills: the Kalamazoo II report. Academic Medicine Duffy FD. Gordon GH. Whelan G. Cole-Kelly K. et al 79(6):495-507
2001 A clinical performance exercise for medicine--pediatrics residents emphasizing complex psychosocial skills. Academic Medicine Duke MB. Griffith CH. Haist SA. Wilson JF. 76(11):1153-7
1995 Use of an objective structured clinical examination to determine clinical competence. Academic Medicine Dupras DM. Li JT 70(11), 1029-34.
1992 Teaching medicolegal issues using a standardized patient and mock trial. Academic Medicine Eagle CJ. Davies JM. Robson R. Gromoff B 67(1)63
2001 Using simulated patients in education about alcohol misuse. Academic Medicine Eagles JM. Calder SA. Nicoll KS. Sclare PD 76(4), 395.
1998 Increasing medical student's self-perceived skill and comfort in examining persons with severe developmental disabilities: the use of standardized patients who are nonverbal due to cerebral palsy. Academic Medicine Eddey GE. Robey KL. McConnell JA 73(10 Suppl):S106-8
2000 A comparative study of measures to evaluate medical students' performances Academic Medicine Edelstein RA. Reid HM. Usatine R. Wilkes MS. 75(8):825-833
1997 An assessment of residents' competence in the delivery of bad news to patients. Academic Medicine Eggly S. Afonso N. Rojas G. Baker M. Cardozo L. Robertson RS 72(5):397-9
1994 Use of a group objective structured clinical examination with first-year medical students. Academic Medicine Elliot DL. Fields SA. Keenen TL. Jaffe AC. Toffler WL 69(12), 990-2.
2004 Deliberate practice and the acquisition and maintenance of expert performance in medicine and related domains Academic Medicine Ericsson KA. 79(10 Suppl):S70-81
2006 Comparing traditional and computer-based training methods for standardized patients Academic Medicine Errichetti A. Boulet JR. 81(10 Suppl):S91-4
2010 Which factors, personal or external, most influence students' generation of learning goals?. Academic Medicine Eva KW. Munoz J. Hanson MD. Walsh A. Wakefield J. 85(10 Suppl):S102-5
1994 Teaching medical students how to perform a clinical breast examination. Academic Medicine Campbell HS. McBean M. Mandin H. Bryant H 69(12):993-5
1995 A standardized-patient assessment of a continuing medical education program to improve physicians' cancer-control clinical skills. Academic Medicine Carney PA. Dietrich AJ. Freeman Jr. DH. Mott LA. 70(1):52-58
2005 The influence of teaching setting on medical students' clinical skills development: is the academic medical center the "gold standard"? Academic Medicine Carney PA. Ogrinc G. Harwood BG. Schiffman JS and Cochran N. 80(12):1153-8
2016 Tools to assess behavioral and social science competencies in medical education: A systematic review Academic Medicine Carney PA. Palmer RT. Miller MF. Et al. 91(5), 730-742
1995 Cost analysis of objective structured clinical examinations. Academic Medicine Carpenter JL 70(9):828-33
1992 Assessing the usefulness of using standardized patients in a clinical medicine course. Academic Medicine Carpenter JL. Battles JB. McIntire D. Sprankell SJ 67(4):286
2010 The effect of gender interactions on students' physical examination ratings in objective structured clinical examination stations. Academic Medicine Carson JA. Peets A. Grant V. McLaughlin K 85(11):1772-6
2010 Perspective: the doctor as performer: a proposal for change based on a performance studies paradigm Academic Medicine Case GA, Brauner DJ. 85(1), 159-163.
1999 An intervention to increase physicians' use of adherence-enhancing strategies in managing hypercholesterolemic patients. Academic Medicine Casebeer LL. Klapow JC. Centor RM. Stafford MA. Renkl LA. et al 74(12):1334-9
1997 Sequential testing in the Objective Structured Clinical Examinations: Selecting items for the screen. Academic Medicine Cass A. Regehr G. Reznick RK. Rothman AI. Cohen R. 72( 10 Suppl 1): S25-7
2002 Educational assessment center techniques for entrance selection in medical school. Academic Medicine Cate O. Smal K. 77(7):737
2009 Predicting failing performance on a standardized patient clinical performance examination: the importance of communication and professionalism skills deficits. Academic Medicine Chang A. Boscardin C. Chou CL. et al 84(10 Suppl):S101-4
1998 The importance of early problem representation during case presentations. Academic Medicine Chang RW. Bordage G. Connell KJ 73(10):S109-11
2013 Within-session score gains for repeat examinees on a standardized patient examination. Academic Medicine Chavez AK. Swygert KA. Peitzman SJ. Raymond MR. 88(5):688-92
2000 Teaching prevention in pediatrics. Academic Medicine Cheng TL. Greenberg L. Loeser H. Keller D 75(7):S66-71
1999 Using standardized patients to evaluate undergraduate medical students' proficiency in speaking English. Academic Medicine Chur-Hansen A. Vernon-Roberts J 74(7):829-34
2000 Further discussion of SP checklists and videotaped performances. Academic Medicine Clauser BE 75(4):317-8
2009 A multivariate generalizability analysis of history-taking and physical examination scores from the USMLE step 2 clinical skills examination. Academic Medicine Clauser BE. Balog K. Harik P. Mee J. Kahraman N. 84(10 Suppl):S86-9
1994 A contrasting groups approach to standard setting for performance assessments of clinical skills. Academic Medicine Clauser BE. Clyman SG 69(10 Suppl):S42-4
1996 Are fully compensatory models appropriate for setting standards on performance assessments of clinical skills? Academic Medicine Clauser BE. Clyman SG. Margolis MJ. Ross LP 71(1 Suppl):S90-2
2008 The generalizability of documentation scores from the USMLE Step 2 Clinical Skills examination. Academic Medicine Clauser BE. Harik P. Margolis MJ. Mee J. Swygert K. Rebbecchi T. 83(10 Suppl):S41-4
1993 A comparison of pass/fail classifications made with scores from the NBME standardized-patient examination and Part II examination. Academic Medicine Clauser BE. Ripkey D. Fletcher B. King A. Klass D. Orr N 68(10 Suppl):S7-9
1994 Differential item functioning in checklist items from a standardized-patient-based examination. Academic Medicine Clauser BE. Ross LP. Fletcher EA. et al 69(10 Suppl):S72-4
2011 Medical student and faculty perceptions of volunteer outpatients versus simulated patients in communication skills training. Academic Medicine Clever SL. Dudas RA. Solomon BS. et al 86(11):1437-42
1996 Psychometric properties of a standardized-patient checklist and rating-scale form used to assess interpersonal and communication skills. Academic Medicine Cohen DS. Colliver JA. Marcy MS. Fried ED. Swartz MH 71(1 Suppl):S87-9
2013 Making July safer: simulation-based mastery learning during intern boot cAMP. Academic Medicine Cohen ER. Barsuk JH. Moazed F et al 88(2):233-9
2002 Performance assessment of community-based physicians: evaluating the reliability and validity of a tool for determining CME needs. Academic Medicine Cohen R. Amiel GE. Tann M. Shechter A. Weingarten M. Reis S 77(12 Pt 1):1247-54
1996 Analysis of the psychometric properties of eight administrations of an objective structured clinical examination used to assess international medical graduates. Academic Medicine Cohen R. Rothman AI. Bilan S. Ross J 71(1 Suppl)S22-4
1991 Validity and generalizability of global ratings in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination Academic Medicine Cohen R. Rothman AI. Poldre P. Ross J. 66(9):545-548
1991 Validating an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as a method for selecting foreign medical graduates for a pre-internship program. Academic Medicine Cohen R. Rothman AI. Ross J. Poldre P 66(9):S67-9
1993 Impact of repeated use of objective structured clinical examination stations. Academic Medicine Cohen R. Rothman AI. Ross J. Poldre P 68(10 Suppl):S73-5
1991 Assessing Competency to Address Ethical Issues in Medicine. Academic Medicine Cohen R. Singer PA. Rothman AI. Robb A 66(1):14-15
2013 How do gender and anxiety affect students' self-assessment and actual performance on a high-stakes clinical skills examination?. Academic Medicine Colbert-Getz JM. Fleishman C. Jung J. Shilkofski N. 88(1):44-8
1993 Using elderly disabled patients to teach history taking and physical examination. Academic Medicine Coletta EM. Murphy JB 68(12):901-2
1995 Validation of Standardized Patient Assessment: A meaning for Clinical Competence. Academic Medicine Colliver JA 70(12):1062-4
1994 Using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to set passing standards for a standardized-patient examination of clinical competence. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Barnhart AJ. Marcy ML. Verhulst SJ 69(10 Suppl):S37-9
1991 Test security in examinations that use standardized-patient cases at one medical school. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Barrows HS. Vu NV. Verhulst SJ. Mast TA. Travis TA 66(5):279-82
1991 The interaction of student gender and standardized-patient gender on a performance-based examination of clinical competence. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Marcy ML. Travis TA. Robbs RS 66( 9 Suppl):31-33
1991 Sequential testing with a performance-based examination using standardized patients. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Mast TA. Vu NV. Barrows HS 66 (9 Suppl):64-6
1991 Effects of using two or more standardized patients to simulate the same case on case means and case failure rates. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Robbs RS. Vu NV 66(10):616-18
1999 Relationship between clinical competence and interpersonal and communication skills in standardized-patient assessment. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Swartz MH. Robbs RS. Cohen DS. 74(3):271-4
1998 The effect of using multiple standardized patients on the inter-case reliability of a large-scale standardized-patient examination administered over an extended testing period. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Swartz MH. Robbs RS. Lofquist M. Cohen D. Verhulst SJ 73(10 Suppl):S81-3
1992 Test security in standardized-patient examinations: Analysis with scores on working diagnosis and final diagnosis Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Travis TA. Robbs RS. Barnhart AJ. Shirar E. Vu NV. 67(10):S7-S9
1992 Screening test length for sequential testing with a standardized-patient examination: A receiver operating characteristic analysis. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Vu NV. Barrows HS 67(9):592-5
1993 Effects of examinee gender, standardized-patient gender, and their interaction on standardized patients' ratings of examinees' interpersonal and communication skills. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Vu NV. Marcy ML. Travis TA. Robbs RS 68(2):153-7
1989 Using a standardized-patient examination to establish the predictive validity of the MCAT and undergraduate GPA as admissions criteria. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Verhulst SJ. Williams RG 64(8):482-4
1993 Technical issues: test application. Academic Medicine Colliver JA. Williams RG 68(6):454-60
2016 Do faculty benefit from participating in a standardized patient assessment as part of rater training? A qualitative study Academic Medicine Conforti LN. Ross KM. Holmboe ES. Et al 91(2):262-71
1989 Results of the second clinical skills assessment examination of the ECFMG. Academic Medicine Conn HL. Cody RP 64(8):448-53
1998 Are medical students ready to provide HIV-prevention counseling? Academic Medicine Cook RL. Steiner BD. Smith III AC. Evans AT. Willis SE. et al 73(3):342-6
2007 Enhancing clinical skills education: University of Virginia School of Medicine's Clerkship Clinical Skills Workshop Program. Academic Medicine Corbett EC Jr. Payne NJ. Bradley EB. et al 82(2):690-5
1994 Training medical students in smoking-cessation counseling Academic Medicine Coultas DB. Klecan DA. Whitten RM et al 69(10):s48-s50
1997 Prospective study of how students' humanism and psychosocial beliefs relate to specialty matching. Academic Medicine Coutts-van Dijk LC. Bray JH. Moore S. Rogers J 72(12):1106-8
1998 Using standardized patients to teach and learn psychotherapy. Academic Medicine Coyle B. Miller M. McGowen KR 73(5):591-2
1999 Predictors of student self-assessment accuracy during a clinical performance exam: Comparisons between over-estimators and under-estimators of SP-evaluated performance. Academic Medicine Coutts L. Rogers J 74(10 Suppl):S128-30
1994 Pilot-testing a holistic approach to scoring performance on standardized-patient examinations. Academic Medicine Croen LG. Moroff SV 69(4):310-2
2011 A Multilevel Analysis of Examinee Gender, Standardized Patient Gender, and United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills Communication and Interpersonal Skills Scores Academic Medicine Cuddy M. Swygert K. Swanson D. Jobe A 86(10):s17-s20
2004 Assessing the validity of the USMLE step 2 clinical knowledge examination through an evaluation of its clinical relevance. Academic Medicine Cuddy MM. Dillon GF. Clauser BE. Holtzman KZ. Margolis MJ. McEllhenney SM. Swanson DB. 79(10 Suppl):S43-5
2011 A multilevel analysis of examinee gender, standardized patient gender, and United States medical licensing examination step 2 clinical skills communication and interpersonal skills scores. Academic Medicine Cuddy MM. Swygert KA. Swanson DB. Jobe AC. 86(10 Suppl):S17-20
1997 Defensible assessment of the competency of the practicing physician. Academic Medicine Cunnington JP. Hanna E. Turnhbull J. Kaigas TB. Norman GR 72(1):9-12
1994 Internal medicine residents' skills at identification of HIV-risk behavior and HIV-related disease. Academic Medicine Curtis JR. Paauw DS. Wenrich MD. Carline JD 69(10 Suppl):S45-7
1998 Using standardized patients to assess the interpersonal skills of physicians. Academic Medicine Boulet JR. Ben David MF. Ziv A. Burdick WP. Curtis M. et al 73(10 Suppl):S94-6
2002 Clinical skills deficiencies among first-year residents: utility of the ECFMG clinical skills assessment Academic Medicine Boulet JR. McKinley DW. Whelan GP. Van Zanten M. Hambleton RK. 77(10):S33-35
2013 Construction and validation of the Nijmegen Evaluation of the Simulated Patient (NESP): assessing simulated patients' ability to role-play and provide feedback to students. Academic Medicine Bouter S. van Weel-Baumgarten E. Bolhuis S. 88(2):253-9
2005 Invite, listen, and summarize: a patient-centered communication technique. Academic Medicine Boyle D. Dwinnell B. Platt F. 80(1):29-32
1992 A large-scale multicenter objective structured clinical examination for licensure. Academic Medicine Brailovsky CA. Grand'Maison P. Lescop J. 67(10 Suppl):S37-9
2002 Changing an existing OSCE to a teaching tool: the making of a teaching OSCE. [Review] Academic Medicine Brazeau C. Boyd L. Crosson J. 77(9):932
2015 The creation of standard-setting videos to support faculty observations of learner performance and entrustment decisions Academic Medicine Calaman S. Hepps JH. Bismilla Z. et al 91(2):204-9
2013 Exploring psychometric models to enhance standardized patient quality assurance: evaluating standardized patient performance over time. Academic Medicine Brown CB. Kahraman N. 88(6):866-71
2009 Doctors' stress responses and poor communication performance in simulated bad-news consultations. Academic Medicine Brown R. Dunn S. Byrnes K. 84(11):1595-602
2005 Using children as simulated patients in communication training for residents and medical students: a pilot program. Academic Medicine Brown R. Doonan S. Shellenberger S. 80(12):1114-20
2010 Evaluation of medical student performance on objective structured clinical exams with standardized patients with and without disabilities. Academic Medicine Brown RS. Graham CL. Richeson N. Wu J. et al 85(11):1766-71
2015 A methodological review of the assessment of humanism in medical students Academic Medicine Buck E. Holden M. Szauter K. 90(11), S14-S23.
1999 Evaluating procedural skills competence: inter-rater reliability of expert and non-expert observers. Academic Medicine Bullock G. Kovacs G. Macdonald K. Story BA. 74(1):76-8
1994 Development, implementation, and evaluation of an advanced physical diagnosis course for senior medical students. Academic Medicine Berg D. Sebastian J. Heudebert G 69(9):758-64
2015 Standardized patient assessment of medical student empathy: ethnicity and gender effects in a multi-institutional study. Academic Medicine Berg K. Blatt B. Lopreiato J. Jung J. Schaeffer A. Heil D. Owens T. Carter-Nolan PL. Berg D. Veloski J. Darby E. Hojat M. 90(1):105-11
2011 Medical students' self-reported empathy and simulated patients' assessments of student empathy: an analysis by gender and ethnicity. Academic Medicine Berg K. Majdan JF. Berg D. Veloski J. Hojat M. 86(8):984-8
2008 The relationship between performance on a medical school's clinical skills assessment and USMLE Step 2 CS Academic Medicine Berg K. Winward M. Clauser BE. Veloski JA. Berg D. Dillon GF. Veloski JJ. 83(10 Suppl):S37-40
1991 A comparison of short answer and extended matching question scores in an objective structured clinical exam. Academic Medicine Blackwell TA. Ainsworth MA. Dorsey NK. Callaway MR. Rogers LP. Collins KE 66(9Suppl):S40-2
1999 Recruiting and following adolescent standardized patients. Academic Medicine Blake K. Greaven S 74(5):584
2000 Learning adolescent psychosocial interviewing using simulated patients. Academic Medicine Blake K. Mann KV. Kaufman DM. Kappelman M 75(10 Suppl): S56-8
2001 Using standardized patients to identify students needing extra training in interviewing skills. Academic Medicine Blake KD. Mann KV. Kaufman DM. 76(5):537-8
2004 The influence of testing context and clinical rotation order on students' OSCE performance. Academic Medicine Blaskiewicz RJ. Park RS. Chibnall JT. Powell JK 79(6):597-601
2010 Does perspective-taking increase patient satisfaction in medical encounters?. Academic Medicine Blatt B. LeLacheur SF. Galinsky AD. Simmens SJ. et al 85(9):1445-52
1998 Unexpected pathologic findings during skills training or assessment. Academic Medicine Boendermaker PM. Pols J. Scherpbier AJ 73(11):1126
2009 Students' views on the use of real patients and simulated patients in undergraduate medical education. Academic Medicine Bokken L. Rethans JJ. van Heurn L. et al 84(7):958-63
2010 Instructiveness of real patients and simulated patients in undergraduate medical education: a randomized experiment. Academic Medicine Bokken L. Rethans JJ. Jobsis Q. Duvivier R. et al 85(1):148-54
1997 Assessing the semantic content of clinical case presentations: Studies of reliability and concurrent validity. Academic Medicine Bordage G. Connell KJ. Chang RW. Gecht MR. Sinacore JM. 72(10 Suppl):S37-9
2013 Practice indicators of suboptimal care and avoidable adverse events: a content analysis of a national qualifying examination. Academic Medicine Bordage G. Meguerditchian AN. Tamblyn R. 88(10):1493-8
1995 An OSCE assessment of fourth-year students. Academic Medicine Ainsworth MA. Callaway MR. et al 70(5):444-5
2006 A Controlled Trial of a Short Course to Improve Residents' Communication with Patients at the End of Life Academic Medicine Alexander SC. Keitz SA. Sloane R. Tulsky JA 81(11):1008-12
1998 Global ratings versus checklist scoring in an OSCE. Academic Medicine Allen R. Heard J. Savidge M 73(5):597-8
1990 Detecting and correcting for rater-induced differences in standardized patient tests of clinical competence. Academic Medicine Abrahamowicz M. Tamblyn RM. Ramsay JO. et al 65(9 Suppl):S25-6
2008 Genetics objective structured clinical exams at the Maimonides Infants & Children's Hospital of Brooklyn, New York. Academic Medicine Altshuler L, Kachur E, Krinshpun S, Sullivan D. 83(11), 1088-1093
2001 A culture OSCE: teaching residents to bridge different worlds. Academic Medicine Altshuler L. Kachur E 76(5):514
2000 Using an OSCE to assess primary care physicians' competence in breaking bad news. Academic Medicine Amiel GE. Ungar L. Alperin M 75(5):560-1
1991 Comparing students' feedback about clinical instruction with their performances. Academic Medicine Anderson DC. Harris IB. Allen S. Satran L. Bland CJ. et al 66(1):29-34
1993 Consensus Statement of the Researchers in Clinical Skills Assessment (RCSA) on the Use of Standardized Patients to Evaluate Clinical Skills Academic Medicine Anonymous 68(1):475-476
1993 Highlights of Group Discussion of Technical Issues of the Logistics of Using SPs Academic Medicine Anonymous 68(6):139-70
1993 Proceedings of the AAMC'S Consensus Conference on the Use of Standardized Patients in the Teaching and Evaluation of Clinical Skills Academic Medicine Anonymous 68(6):437-83
1993 Highlights of Group Discussion of Technical Issues of SP Application Academic Medicine Anonymous 68(6):461-463
1999 Can diagnostic semantic competence be assessed from the medical record? Academic Medicine Baker EA. Connell KJ. Bordage G. Sinacore J. 74(10):S13-15
2001 Effect of training location on students' clinical skills. Academic Medicine Barclay III DM. McKinley D. Peitzman SJ. Burdick B. Curtis M. Whelan GP. 76(4):384
1998 Evaluating the curriculum with standardized patients. Academic Medicine Bardes CL. 73(6):626-7
1996 Validity of standardized-patient examinations scores as an indicator of faculty observer ratings. Academic Medicine Bardes CL. Colliver JA. Alonso DR. Swartz MH 71(1):S82-3
2006 Teaching Foundational Physical Examination Skills: Study Results Comparing Lay Teaching Associates and Physician Instructors. Academic Medicine Barley. Gwyn E.. Fisher. Jennifer. Dwinnell. Brian. White. Kelly 81(10) (Suppl): S95-S97
1999 Reinvigorating PBL by integrating standardized -patient interviews. Academic Medicine Barlow W. Cheever T. Quinlivan S 74(5):587-8
2002 Assessing third-year medical students' breast cancer screening skills. Academic Medicine Barrett SV. Zapka JG. Mazor KM. Luckmann RS. 77(9):905-10
1993 An overview of the uses of standardized patients for teaching and evaluating clinical skills. Academic Medicine Barrows HS. 68(6):443-51
2000 The ability of a medical school admission process to predict clinical performance and patients' satisfaction. Academic Medicine Basco WT Jr. Gilbert GE. Chessman AW. Blue AV. 75(7):743-7
1994 Analyzing and adjusting for variables in a large-scale standardized-patient examination. Academic Medicine Battles JB. Carpenter JL. McIntire DD. Wagner JM 69(5):370-6
2013 Teaching empathy to medical students: an updated, systematic review. Academic Medicine Batt-Rawden. S. A.. Chisolm. M. S.. Anton. B.. & Flickinger. T. E 88(8), 1171-1177.
1999 Evaluation of clinical performances of emergency medicine residents using standardized patients. Academic Medicine Beeson MS. Wilkinson LF. 74(2):202
1997 Issues of validity and reliability concerning who scores the post-encounter patient-progress note. Academic Medicine Ben-David MF. Boulet JR. Burdick WP. Ziv A. Hambleton RK. Gary NE. 72(10 Suppl 1):S79-81
2016 Recognizing patients’ emotions: teaching health care providers to interpret facial expressions Academic Medicine Ragsdale JW. Van Deusen R. Rubio D. Spagnoletti C. 91(9), 1270-1275
2000 Assessing the acquisition of core clinical skills through the use of serial standardized patient assessments. Academic Medicine Prislin MD. Giglio M. Lewis EM. Ahearn S. Radecki S 75(5):480-483
2001 Using standardized patients to assess medical students' professionalism. Academic Medicine Prislin MD. Lie D. Shapiro J. Boker J. Radecki S 76(10):S90-S92
1999 The standardized family: Ann innovation in primary care education at the University of Massachusetts Academic Medicine Pugnaiare MP. Leong SL. Wuirk ME.et al 74(1):S90-S97
1999 Assessment of practicing family physicians: comparison of observation in a multiple-station examination using standardized patients with observation of consultations in daily practice. Academic Medicine Ram P. van der Vleuten C. Rethans JJ. Grol R. Aretz K 74(1):62-69
2011 Evaluating Construct Equivalence and Criterion-Related Validity for Repeat Examinees on a Standardized Patient Examination Academic Medicine Raymond M. Kahraman N. Swygert K. Balog K 86(10):1253-1259
1999 Assessing the generalizability of OSCE measures across content domains. Academic Medicine Regehr G. Freeman R. Hodges B. Russell L 74(12)1320
1999 OSCE performance evaluations made by standardized patients: comparing checklist and global rating scores. Academic Medicine Regehr G. Freeman R. Robb A. Missiha N. Heisey R 74(10):S135-S137
1992 An objective structured clinical examination for the licentiate: report of the pilot project of the Medical Council of Canada. Academic Medicine Reznick R. Smee S. Rothman A. Chalmers A. Swanson D. Dufresne L. Lacombe G. Baumber J. Poldre P. Levasseur L 67(8):487-494
1993 An objective structured clinical examination for the licentiate of the Medical Council of Canada: from research to reality. Academic Medicine Reznick RK. Blackmore D. Cohen R. Baumber J. Rothman A. et al 68(10):S4-S6
1996 Large-scale high stakes testing with an OSCE: Report from the Medical Council of Canada. Academic Medicine Reznick RK. Blackmore DE. Dauphinee WD. Rothman AI. Smee SM 71(1):S19-S21
1998 Process-rating forms versus task-specific checklists in an OSCE for medical licensure. Medical Council of Canada. Academic Medicine Reznick RK. Regehr G. Yee G. Rothman A. Blackmore D. Dauphinee D 73(10):S97-S99
1993 Guidelines for estimating the real cost of an objective structured clinical examination. Academic Medicine Reznick RK. Smee S. Baumber JS. Cohen R. Rothman A. Blackmore D. Berard M 68(7):513-517
2007 On becoming a doctor: a patient teaches. Academic Medicine Reynolds HY 82(9):875
1996 Use of a standardized-patient-based clinical performance examination as an outcome measure to evaluate medical school curricula. Academic Medicine Richards BF. Rupp R. Zaccaro DJ. Cariaga-Lo L. Harward D. et al 71(1):S49-S51
2012 A comparison of two standard-setting approaches in high-stakes clinical performance assessment using generalizability theory. Academic Medicine Richter Lagha RA. Boscardin CK. May W. Fung CC. 87(8):1077-82
2013 Validity evidence for a patient note scoring rubric based on the new patient note format of the United States Medical Licensing Examination. Academic Medicine Park YS. Lineberry M. Hyderi A. et al 88(10):1552-7
2016 Differential Weighting for Subcomponent Measures of Integrated Clinical Encounter Scores Based on the USMLE Step 2 CS Examination: Effects on Composite Score Reliability and Pass-Fail Decisions. Academic medicine Park YS. Lineberry M. Hyderi A. et al. 91(11 ), S24.
2008 Sharpening the eye of the OSCE with critical action analysis Academic Medicine Payne NJ. Bradley EB. Heald EB et al. 83(10):900-905
2001 Physical diagnosis findings among persons applying to work as standardized patients. Academic Medicine Peitzman SJ 76(4):383
2000 International Medical Graduates' Performance of Techniques of Physical Examination, with a Comparison of U.S. Citizens and Non- US Citizens. Academic Medicine Peitzman SJ. McKinley D. Curtis M. Burdick W. Whelan G 75(10):S115-S117
2001 The impact of a curriculum renewal project on students' performances on a fourth-year clinical skills assessment. Academic Medicine Pfeiffer CA. Ardolino AJ. Madray H. 76(2):173-5
2002 Teaching digital rectal examinations to medical students: an evaluation study of teaching methods. Academic Medicine Popadiuk C. Pottle M. Curran V 77(1):1140-1146
2004 Improving knowledge in palliative medicine with a required hospice rotation for third-year medical students. Academic Medicine Porter-Williamson. K. von Gunten. C.F. Garman. K. Herbst. L. Bluestein. H.G. Evans. W 79(8):777-782
1994 The influence of the New Pathway curriculum on Harvard medical students Academic Medicine Moore. G. T.. Block. S. D.. Style. C. B.. & Mitchell. R 69(12), 983-9.
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2002 Clinical skills center attending: an innovative senior medical school elective. Academic Medicine Moseley TH. Cantrell MJ. Deloney LA 77(11)1176
1990 Evaluating a seminar designed to improve psychiatry skills of family medicine residents. Academic Medicine Moss JH 65(10)658
2000 Sequential testing in the assessment of clinical skills. Academic Medicine Muijtjens AM. van Vollenhoven FH. van Luijk SJ. van der Vleuten CP 75(4):369-373
1990 The assessment of clinical skills/competence/performance Academic Medicine Miller GE. 65(9):S63-S67
1993 Conference Summary Academic Medicine Miller GE. 68(6):471-474
1994 The Clinical Skills Assessment Alliance Academic Medicine Miller GE. 69(4):285-7
2003 Development of a reliable multimedia, computer-based measure of clinical skills in bedside neurology. Academic Medicine Millos RT. Gordon DL. Issenberg SB. et al 78(10), S52-S55.
2014 Training in transvaginal sonography using pelvic ultrasound simulators versus live models: a randomized controlled trial. Academic Medicine Moak JH. Larese SR. Riordan JP. Sudhir A. Yan G. 89(7):1063-8
2003 An examination of the relationship between clinical skills examination performance and performance on USMLE Step 2. Academic Medicine Muller ES. Harik P. Margolis M. Clauser B. McKinley D. Boulet JR. 78(10 Suppl):S27-9
1997 Simulated patients in an electronic patient record Academic Medicine Muma RD. 72(1):72-73
2014 Academic Performance of Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship Versus Rotation-Based Clerkship Students: A Matched-Cohort Study Academic Medicine Myhre DL. Woloschuk W. Jackson W et al 89(2): 292-295
2004 Using standardized patients to assess the geriatrics medicine skills of medical students, internal medicine residents, and geriatrics medicine fellows. Academic Medicine Nagoshi. M. Kasuya. SWR. Sakai. D. Masaki. K. Blanchette. PL 79(7):698-702
1996 An innovative CME program in cardiology for primary care practitioners. Academic Medicine O'Brien MK. Feldman D. Alban T. Donoghue G. Sirkin J. Novack DH 71(8)894
1993 Examining whether certain Myers-Briggs "personality preferences" can be used as criteria to select standardized patients. Academic Medicine O'Connell CA. Thayer-Doyle C 68(12):931
1994 Use of performance-based assessment to evaluate the impact of a skill-oriented continuing education program Academic Medicine Nykuist JG. Naylor AJ Woodward-Lopez G. Dixon S. 69(10):S51-S53
2010 Perspective: Authentic patient perspectives in simulations for procedural and surgical skills Academic Medicine Nestel D. Kneebone R. 85(5):889-893
2009 Predictive validity of the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mcex): do medical students' mCEX ratings correlate with future clinical exam performance?. Academic Medicine Ney EM. Shea JA. Kogan JR. 84(10 Suppl):S17-20
1996 Is test security a concern when OSCE stations are repeated across clerkship rotations? [see comments]. Academic Medicine Niehaus AH. DaRosa DA. Markwell SJ. Folse R 71(3):287-289
2006 The impact of preclinical preceptorships on learning the fundamentals of clinical medicine and physical diagnosis skills. Academic Medicine Nieman LZ. Cheng L. Hormann M. Farnie MA. Molony DA and Butler P 81(4):342–346
2002 Palliative care module within a required geriatrics clerkship: taking advantage of existing partnerships. Academic Medicine Pan CX. Soriano RP. Fischberg DJ 77(9)936
1997 Performance of "standardized examinees" in a standardized patient examination of clinical skills. Academic Medicine Pangaro LN. Worth-Dickerstein H. Macmillan MK. Klass DJ. Shatzer JH 72(11):1008-11
1997 A comparison of two methods to teach smoking-cessation techniques to medical students. Academic Medicine Papadakis MA. Croughan-Minihane M. Fromm LJ. Wilkie HA. Ernster VL 72(8):725-7
1993 A randomized, controlled pilot study of placing third-year medical clerks in a continuity clinic. Academic Medicine Papadakis MA. Kagawa MK 68(11), 845-7.
2014 The impact of simulated medical consultations on the empathy levels of students at one medical school Academic Medicine Schweller M. Costa FO. Antonio MA. Amaral EM. de Carvalho-Filho MA. 89(4):632-7
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1999 Teach 1, do 1 ... better: superior communication skills in senior medical students serving as standardized patient--examiners for their junior peers. Academic Medicine Sasson VA. Blatt B. Kallenberg G. Delaney M. White FS 74(8):932-937
1993 Hospital-based versus community-based clinical education: Comparing performances and course evaluations by students in their second-year pediatrics rotation Academic Medicine Satran L. Harris IB. Allen S. et al 68:380-382
2009 Remediation techniques for student performance problems after a comprehensive clinical skills assessment. Academic Medicine Saxena V. O'Sullivan PS. Teherani A. et al 84(5):669-76
1991 The assessment of interpersonal skills using standardized patients. Academic Medicine Schnabl GK. Hassard TH. Kopelow ML 66(9):S34-S36
2001 Developing a Stage-appropriate Professionalism Curriculum Academic Medicine RUDY. D. W.. ELAM. C. L.. & GRIFFITH III. C. H 76(5), 503.
1990 A comparison of two methods for facilitating clinical data integration by medical students Academic Medicine Russell IJ. Hendricson ED. Harris GD. Gobert DV. 65(5):333-340
1991 Using unannounced simulated patients to evaluate sexual risk assessment and risk reduction skills of practicing physicians. Academic Medicine Russell NK. Boekeloo BO. Rafi I. Rabin DL 66(9):S37-S39
1992 Predictive validity of a required multidisciplinary standardized-patient examination Academic Medicine Rutala PJ. Fulginiti JV. McGeath AM. et al 67(10):S60-S62
1991 The influences of student and standardized patient genders on scoring in an objective structured clinical examination. Academic Medicine Rutala PJ. Witzke DB. Leko EO. Fulginiti JV 66(9):S28-S30
1990 Student fatigue as a variable affecting performance in an objective structured clinical examination. Academic Medicine Rutala PJ. Witzke DB. Leko EO. Fulginiti JV. Taylor PJ 65(9):S53-S54
2001 Objective Assessment and Structured Teaching of Disability Etiquette Academic Medicine Sabharwal S. 76(5):509
2002 Communicating about sexuality: an initiative across the core clerkships. Academic Medicine Sack S. Drabant B. Perrin E 77(11)1159
2009 Patient note fabrication and consequences of unprofessional behavior in a high-stakes clinical skills licensing examination Academic Medicine Sandella JM. Roberts WL. Gallagher LA. Et al 84(10):S70-S73
2001 Assessing medical students' awareness of and sensitivity to diverse health beliefs using a standardized patient station. Academic Medicine Robins LS. White CB. Alexander GL. Gruppen LD. Grum CM 76:76-80
1997 Using standardized patients to ensure that clinical learning objectives for the breast examination are met. Academic Medicine Robins LS. Zweifler AJ. Alexander GL. Hengstebeck LL. White CA. et al 72(10 Suppl 1):S91-3
2000 Do students' attitudes during preclinical years predict their humanism as clerkship students? Academic Medicine Rogers JC. Coutts L. 75(10):s74-S77
2001 Can first-year students master clinical skills? Academic Medicine Rogers JC. Dains JE. 76(10):1065
2001 Widening the lens on standardized patient assessment: what the encounter can reveal about the development of clinical competence. Academic Medicine Rose M. Wilkerson L. 76(8):856-9
1996 Developing a presentation and problem-solving station in a multistation standardized patient examination. Academic Medicine Rosebraugh CJ. Speer AJ. Ainsworth MA. Solomon DJ. Callaway MR. Holden MD 71(1):S102-S104
1997 Setting standards and defining quality of performance in the validation of a standardized-patient examination format. Academic Medicine Rosebraugh CJ. Speer AJ. Solomon DJ. Szauter KE. Ainsworth MA. Holden MD. Lieberman SA. Clyburn EB 72(11):1012-4
2004 Teaching medical students and residents skills for delivering bad news: a review of strategies. Academic Medicine Rosenbaum ME. Ferguson KJ. Lobas JG 79(2):107-117
1996 An expert-judgment approach to setting standards for a standardized- patient examination. Academic Medicine Ross LP. Clauser BE. Margolis MJ. Orr NA. Klass DJ 71(10):S4-S6
1996 A comparison of empirically and rationally defined standards for clinical skills checklists. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R 71(10):S1-S#
1996 A comparison of short- and long-case stations in a multiple-station test of clinical skills. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R. Bilan S 71(1 Suppl):S110-2
1997 Differences unrelated to clinical competence in the results of repeated multiple-station tests of clinical skills. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R. Blackmore D 72(4):296-300
1992 Testing the equivalence of multiple-station tests of clinical competence. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R. Dawson-Saunders B. Poldre PP. Ross J 67(1):S40-S41
1991 Validity and reliability of a domain-referenced test of clinical competence for foreign medical graduates Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R. Dirks FR et al 66(7):423-425
1990 Evaluating the clinical skills of foreign medical school graduates participating in an internship preparation program. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R. Ross J 65(6) 391
1995 Station Gender Bias in a Multiple station Test of Clinical Skills. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cohen R. Ross J. Poldre P. Dawson B 70(1):42-46
2000 A comparison of physician examiners', standardized patients', and communication experts' ratings of international medical graduates' English proficiency. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Cusimano M 75(12):1206-11
2002 A communication assessment and skill-building exercise (CASE) for first-year residents. Academic Medicine Roth CS. Watson KV. Harris IB. 77(7):746-7
1997 Tests of sequential testing in two years' results of Part 2 of the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination. Academic Medicine Rothman AI. Blackmore DE. Dauphinee WD. Reznick RK 72(10 Suppl 1):S22-4
1996 Performance-based assessment of clinical ethics using an objective structured clinical examination. Academic Medicine Singer PA. Robb A. Cohen R. Norman G. Turnbull J 71(5):495-498
2014 A novel approach to supporting relationship-centered care through electronic health record ergonometric training in preclerkship medical education Academic Medicine Silverman H. ho YZ. Kaib S. et al 89(9):1230-4
1992 A survey of study methods, preparation time, test-taking strategies, and perceptions of test validity on a clinical performance-based examination. Academic Medicine Shirar LE. Vu NV. Colliver JA. Barrows HS 67(10):S10-S12
1997 The educational value of an OSCE in a family practice residency.